What is Spectrum in Wireless Communication? | Syniverse

What is Spectrum in Wireless Communication?

Wireless spectrum refers to the range of frequencies available for wireless communication. Understanding the significance of wireless spectrum is crucial to effectively utilizing and managing wireless networks. 

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What Is Wireless Spectrum? 

The wireless spectrum encompasses the various electromagnetic frequencies used for transmitting sound, data, and video. Spectrum uses cell towers to transmit data between devices. Wireless information transmission relies on the use of radio waves, which are a specific type of electromagnetic radiation.  

The electromagnetic spectrum for wireless communication is a vast range of energy that includes radio waves. Note that the spectrum is finite and has divisions of different bands. Each designated band is explicitly for certain types of communication or services because of their different characteristics. 

Low-frequency transmissions can maintain signal strength over longer distances than high frequency transmissions. However, these lower frequencies have a limited capacity for transmitting data. Most modern data communication operates at an optimal frequency range of 300 megahertz (MHz) to 6 gigahertz (GHz).  

It is important to note that the spectrum encompasses both broadband and narrowband signals. Narrowband signals utilize a smaller range of frequencies for transmission. In contrast, broadband or wideband signals use a wider part of the spectrum. 

What Is Spectrum Management?

The efficient use and allocation of wireless communication allow businesses to maximize their wireless connectivity and deliver seamless communication experiences. 

The spectrum is a fixed and finite resource with a specific range of radio frequencies available for use. Others can’t use dedicated sections of the spectrum. Location is a critical factor to consider. The performance of different parts of the spectrum varies, making certain areas more valuable and in-demand than others. 

National and international agencies regulate the wireless spectrum. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) manages its usage in the United States. They grant organizations licenses to use specific portions of the spectrum, ensuring no interference between users. 

Spectrum Allocation in Wireless Communications

Spectrum allocation in wireless communication ensures that multiple services can operate smoothly without interference while optimally using the available wireless spectrum. Radio and TV broadcasting, satellite communication, Wi-Fi, and mobile data have designated bands to ensure smooth operations. The frequency allocation for 5G services is crucial due to its ability to operate across a range of frequencies. 

5G Slicing 

5G network slicing is a highly advanced feature that empowers operators to divide their network into virtual networks or “slices.” These slices can cater to different applications or services by offering customized service levels. 

Spectrum allocation and 5G slicing go hand in hand. Operators can use 5G slicing to efficiently give resources within their network. You can configure a portion of the network with dedicated radio, core, and transport network resources to meet requirements. 

For instance, it’s possible to create a dedicated network slice to cater to IoT devices with low-data transmission needs. Services that demand fast data rates and minimal latency, such as video streaming or augmented reality, can benefit from its own slice. 

Mobile operators can significantly improve their use of allocated spectrum and enhance the quality of service for customers. Adjusting slice characteristics to align with various needs allows for better resource utilization and improves customer experience. 

How Operators Can Monetize 5G Slicing

Operators have a golden opportunity to monetize 5G network slicing. Network operators can create immense value by offering customized network services that match the unique requirements of diverse customers and applications. Here are some concrete ways operators can capitalize on 5G slicing and increase their revenue streams: 

Explore New Business Models

Network slicing offers operators the flexibility to innovate and create unique business models. This technology allows operators to explore dynamic pricing options based on real-time network usage. Additionally, they can collaborate with application providers and offer application-specific network slices for enhanced user experiences. 

Tailored Network Slices

Operators can offer customized network slices that cater to various industries’ specific requirements, including manufacturing, healthcare, logistics, automotive, and more. For example, if an industry needs ultra-reliable and low-latency communication (URLLC), it can buy a network slice designed to meet those requirements.

Premium Services 

Operators can offer more in-demand slices with guaranteed service level agreements (SLAs) at higher rates. Businesses prioritizing exceptional service, like minimal downtime or lower latency, are often willing to pay a higher price for specialized services. 

For event-driven needs like concerts, sports events, and conferences, operators can offer temporary network slices. These will specifically handle the high data demand. After the event concludes, operators can decommission the slice, freeing up resources for other purposes. 

Propel Your Business Forward

Syniverse provides comprehensive solutions for network connectivity. Through a comprehensive and thoroughly tested 5G Roaming solution, Syniverse allows operators to maximize their revenue opportunities by harnessing and optimizing the use of spectrum to meet the needs of their subscribers.   

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